Tag Archive: kinds of genre

Report Text : Flood


Flood is an overflow of water that soaks or covers land. Floods are the most frequent type of natural disaster worldwide. It can be caused by several things, naturally and form the effect of human behavior. The most common cause is because of the over capacity of the body of water, e.g. river or lake. As a result some of the water flows outside of the body of water. It can also occur in rivers, when the strength of the river is so high that it flows right out of the river channel. A flood from sea may be caused by a heavy storm, a high tide, a tsunami, or a combination the three.

Soil and vegetation absorbs most of the surface water, floods happen when there are lack of trees and the soil alone cannot absorb all the water. The water then runs off the land in quantities that cannot be carried in stream channels or kept in natural ponds or man-made reservoirs. A flood can also be caused by blocked sewage pipes and waterways, such as the Jakarta flood.

There are several types of flood. Periodic floods occur naturally on many rivers, forming an area known as the flood plain. These river floods usually result from heavy rain, sometimes combined with melting snow, which causes the rivers to overflow their banks. A flood that rises and falls rapidly with little or no advance warning is called a flash flood.



Earthquake is a sudden shaking of the earth’s surface that often causes a lot of damage. It is the result of a sudden release of stored energy in the Earth’s crust that creates seismic waves. Earthquakes may happen naturally or as a result of human activities. Smaller earthquakes can also be caused by volcanic activity, landslides, mine blasts, and nuclear experiments.

At the Earth’s surface, earthquakes can be seen from the shaking or displacement of the ground. Sometimes, they cause tsunamis, which may lead to loss of life and damage of property. There are two types of earthquake that occurs naturally, they are tectonic and volcanic earthquakes. Tectonic earthquakes are earthquakes that are caused by tectonic plates getting stuck and putting a strain on the ground. The strain becomes so great that rocks give way by breaking and sliding along fault planes.

Volcanic earthquakes are earthquakes which are caused by themovement of magma in volcanoes. In volcanic regions earthquakes may be caused both by tectonic faults and by the  movement of magma in volcanoes. Such earthquakes can be an early warning of volcanic eruptions

The size of an earthquake is usually reported using the Richter scale or a related Moment scale. Earthquakes which are 3 on the Richter scale or lower are hard to notice. Whereas, those which are 7 on the Richter scale causes serious damage over large areas.


Recycling Paper


–          Old paper, magazines, or newspapers Bleach

–          Blender/food processor White glue

–          Bucket Iron

–          Insect screens/strainers Water

–          Wire



–          First, shape wires into a rectangular shape.

–          Then, cover the wire frame with insect screens and sew it. After that, rip the paper into small pieces.

–          And then, put the torn paper in a bucket and fill it with warm water. Add one table spoon of bleach. Soak the paper for a half an hour.

–          Next, put a cup of soaked paper in a blender, add some bleached water and blend it. And then, pour the blended paper in a large rectangular container. e.g. sink or tray.

–          After that, repeat step 5 and 6 until all of the soaked paper are blended.

–          Then, add and mix two table spoon of white glue to the blended paper.

–          After that, dip the screen frame into the blended paper. Lift and rinse the water for a minute.

–          Then, dry the paper (with the screen frame still on) in the sun.

–          And then, peel the papers out of the frame screens when it’s dry.

–          Finally, iron the paper.